International Coffee Day: what’s your favourite?

Your favourite coffee?Your favourite coffee?
Your favourite coffee?
Today is the first official International Coffee Day, as the world comes together to celebrate our favourite - filtered or instant - hot brown drink.

But now the International Coffee Organization has decided to make an official date, commenting, on the subject of multiple celebrations: “That’s ok - every day is a good day for coffee, after all.

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“It is an opportunity for coffee lovers to share their love of the beverage and support the millions of farmers whose livelihoods depend on the aromatic crop.”

Coffee facts:

Coffee beans are actually the pit of a berry, making them a fruit.

Coffee is thought to have originated in Ethiopia, and was first cultivated by Arabs during the 14th century.

There are two types of coffee beans: Arabica and Robusta, seventy percent are Arabica, while Robusta is slightly more bitter and has twice as much caffeine.

It takes 42 coffee beans to make an espresso.

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In 2011, instant coffee accounted for 72% of all UK retail coffee sales.

But do you know exactly what’s in your favourite type of coffee?:

Espresso - A small but strong shot of caffeine, usually about 30ml.

Cappuccino - A cappuccino is equal parts espresso, steamed milk and foamed milk (about 60 ml each).

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Ristretto - A ristretto is a very concentrated espresso shot, only 22ml.

Americano - If you like the taste of espresso, but are left wanting more, an Americano is a 30ml shot of espresso but with twice the amount of water (60ml).

Doppio - Doppio, meaning ‘double’ in Italian, gives you a 60ml shot rather than the regular 30ml.

Latte - The latte gets its name because it’s full of milk, generally a 60ml shot of espresso with 300ml steamed milk - and only 2ml foamed milk.

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Cafe Au Lait - Cafe au lait has warm, steamed milk in place of cold milk over an espresso.

Mocha - For something sweeter, a mocha is 60ml of espresso, 60ml of chocolate and 30ml of steamed milk.

Macchiato - A macchiato gives you get a shot of espresso (sometimes two) with a dash of foamed milk.

Cafe Noisette - The noisette - somewhere between a macchiato and a latte - is a big shot of espresso with half of that amount in hot milk.

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